Wind Power / Publications
These articles primarily address offshore wind power, some are general to both inland and offshore wind power.
They are organized by topic and include peer-reviewed journal articles and chapters in books. In addition to the publications organized by topic, also see Theses and Dissertations, and Reports, below publications.
Due to copyright restrictions, many of the peer-reviewed, published articles are given here as a proof copy, possibly with some typographical errors, or as a link to the journal–the latter may require a subscription or payment to access the full published article. If an article is Open Access, anyone may download without payment. If none of these options work, or if no PDF or URL link is given, try contacting the first author or corresponding author of the article. These publications are authored or co-authored by faculty and students of the UD wind group.
Archer, C. L., B. A. Colle, D. L. Veron, F. Veron, and M. J. Sienkiewicz, 2016: On the predominance of unstable atmospheric conditions in the marine boundary layer offshore of the U.S. northeastern coast. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 121(15), 8869-8885, doi: 10.1002/2016JD024896. [pdf]
Colle, B. A., M. J. Sienkiewicz, C. L. Archer, D. L. Veron, F. Veron, W. Kempton, and J. E. Mak, 2016: Improving the Mapping and Prediction of Offshore Wind Resources (IMPOWR): Experimental overview and first results. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, August 2016, 1377-1390, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00253.1. [pdf]
Hughes, C., and D. E. Veron, 2015. Characterization of Low-level Winds of Southern and Coastal Delaware, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology,54, 77-93. doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0011.1
Archer, C. L., B. A. Colle, L. Delle Monache, M. J. Dvorak, J. Lundquist, B. H. Bailey, P. Beaucage, M. J. Churchfield, A. C. Fitch, B. Kosovic, S. Lee, P. J. Moriarty, H. Simao, R. J. A. M. Stevens, D. Veron, J. Zackhttp, 2013: Meteorology for coastal/offshore wind energy in the United States: Recommendations and research needs for the next 10 years. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00108.1.
Archer, C. L., and M. Z. Jacobson, 2013: Geographical and seasonal variability of the global “practical” wind resources. Applied Geography, 45, 119-130, doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2013.07.006.
Dvorak, M. J., E. D. Stoutenburg, C. L. Archer, W. Kempton, and M. Z. Jacobson, 2012: Where is the ideal location for a US East Coast offshore grid? Geophysical Research Letters, 39(6), doi: 10.1029/2011GL050659. [pdf]
Rogner, H.-H., R. F. Aguilera, C. L. Archer, R. Bertani, S. C. Bhattacharya, M. B. Dusseault, L. Gagnon, H. Haberl, M. Hoogwijk, A. Johnson, M. L. Rogner, H. Wagner and V. Yakushev, 2012: Chapter 7 – Energy Resources and Potentials. In Global Energy Assessment – Toward a Sustainable Future, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria, 423–512. www.iiasa.ac.at/web/home/research/researchPrograms/Energy/Chapter7.en.html [pdf]
Jacobson, M. Z., and C. L. Archer, 2012: Saturation wind power potential and its implications for wind energy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(39), 15679–15684, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208993109. [pdf]
Sheridan, Blaise, Scott D. Baker, Nathaniel S. Pierre, Jeremy Firestone, and Willett Kempton, 2012, Calculating the offshore wind power resource: Robust assessment methods applied to the U.S. Atlantic Coast, Renewable Energy, 43, p224-233. Published doi:10.1016/j.renene.2011.11.029, may require payment. Preprint PDF, with minor typos.
Muscarella, P., N. Barton, B. L. Lipphardt, Jr., D. E. Veron, and A. D. Kirwan, Jr., 2011: Surface Currents and Winds at the Delaware Bay Mouth, Continental Shelf Research, 31, 1282–1293. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278434311001567
Garvine, Richard W. and Willett Kempton, 2008, Assessing the wind field over the continental shelf as a resource for electric power, Journal of Marine Research 66 (6): 751-773. (Nov 2008). Published article PDF.
Pimenta, Felipe M., Willett Kempton, Richard W. Garvine, 2008, Combining meteorological stations and satellite data to evaluate the offshore windpower resource of Southeastern Brazil, Renewable Energy 33: 2375-2387. Published doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.01.012, may require payment. Proof; contains several errors.
Jiang, Q., J. D. Doyle, T. Haack, M. J. Dvorak, C. L. Archer, and M. Z. Jacobson, 2008: Exploring wind energy potential off the California Coast. Geophysical Research Letters, 35(20), L20819, doi: 10.1029/2008GL034674. [pdf]
Dhanju, Amardeep, Phillip Whitaker, Willett Kempton (2008), Assessing offshore wind resources: An accessible methodology, Renewable Energy, 33(1): 55- 64. Published doi:10.1016/j.renene.2007.03.006, may require payment. Proof PDF, with minor errors.
Kempton, Willett, Cristina L. Archer, Richard W. Garvine, Amardeep Dhanju and Mark Z. Jacobson, 2007, Large CO2 reductions via offshore wind power matched to inherent storage in energy end-uses. Geophysical Research Letter, 34, L02817. Published doi:10.1029/2006GL028016, may require payment. Proof PDF, with minor typos. See also summary press release.
Archer, C. L. and M. Z. Jacobson, 2003: The spatial and temporal distributions of U.S. winds and windpower at 80 m derived from measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmosphere, 108(D9), doi: 10.1029/2002JD0020076. [pdf]
Policy and law
Firestone, J., 2017. Legal Framework to Develop Offshore Wind Power in United States, Ch. 6. in Anton Ming-Zhi Gao and Chien-Te-Fan, Eds. THE DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPREHENSIVE LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE PROMOTION OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER. Kluwer Law
Firestone, J., C. L. Archer, M. P. Gardner, J. A. Madsen, A. K. Prasad, and D. E. Veron, 2015: Opinion: The time has come for offshore wind power in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(39), 11985-11988, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1515376112. Open Access
Noel L, and Firestone, J, 2015. Public Trust Doctrine Implications of Electricity Production, Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law, 5(1): 169-256 repository.law.umich.edu/mjeal/vol5/iss1/4
Ram, B. Book review. Wind Power. Politics and Policy Author: Scott Victor Valentine. Energy Research and Social Science. Volume 10, November 2015, Pages 298–299. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214629615300591
Firestone, J. and J. Kehne, Wind Energy, chapter in Michael Gerrard (ed.), The Law of CleanEnergy: Efficiency and Renewables, American Bar Association (2011).
Dhanju, Amardeep, Jeremy Firestone, and Willett Kempton, 2011, Potential role of power authorities in offshore wind power development in the US, Energy Policy, 39 (2011), p 7025-7035. Published doi:10.1016/enpol.2011.08.002, may require payment. Final Proof.
Dhanju, Amardeep, and Jeremy Firestone, 2009, Access system framework for regulating offshore wind power in state waters. Coastal Management, 37:5,441-478. Published doi: 10.1080/08920750902856004, may require payment. Final Proof.
Firestone, Jeremy, W. Kempton, A. Krueger, and C.E. Loper, 2005, Regulating offshore wind power and aquaculture: Messages from land and sea, Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, 14 (1): 71-111. Published. Final proof PDF.
Marine spatial planning
Qui, W., Firestone, J., 2020. The non-negligible influence of global sea level change on the distribution of maritime zones, Marine Policy, 104267, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104267
Samoteskul, K., Firestone, J., Corbett, J., Callahan, J., Analysis of Vessel Rerouting Scenarios to Open Areas for Offshore Wind Power Development Reveals Significant Societal Benefits, Journal of Environmental Management, 141: 146-154 (2014). Published doi:10.1016/j.jevman.2014.03.026. As accepted copy.
Madsen, J., Bates,A., Callahan,J. Firestone, J. 2011. Use of Geospatial Techniques in Planning for Offshore Wind Facilities chapter in J.K. Thakur, S.K. Singh, A. Ramanathan, M.B.K. Prasad, W. Gossel,(eds.) Geospatial Techniques: Managing Environmental Resources (Springer and Capital Publication).
See also, Report below by Bates, Samoteskul, Callahan, and Firestone. Although not published in a journal, this report puts forth the beginnings of data and a framework on which other UD MSP work is based.
Ghaisas, N. S., C. L. Archer, S. Xie, S. Wu, and E. Maguire, 2017: Evaluation of layout and atmospheric stability effects in wind farms using large-eddy simulation. Wind Energy, 20(7): 1227-1240 doi: 10.1002/we.2091. [pdf]
Xie, S., and C. L. Archer, 2017: A numerical study of wind-turbine wakes for three atmospheric stability conditions, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, [pre-print], doi:10.1007/s10546-017-0259-9.
Xie. S., C. L. Archer, N. Ghaisas, and C. Meneveau, 2017: Benefits of collocating vertical-axis and horizontal-axis wind turbines in large wind farms. Wind Energy, 20(1), 45-62, doi: 10.1002/we.1990. [pdf]
Ghaisas, N., and C. L. Archer, 2016: Geometry-based models for studying the effect of wind farm layout. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 23(3), 481-501, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00199.1. [pdf]
Xie, S., N. Ghaisas, and C. L. Archer, 2015: Sensitivity issues in finite-difference large-eddy simulations of the atmospheric boundary layer with dynamic subgrid scale models. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 157(3), 421-445, doi: 10.1007/s10546-015-0071-3. [pdf]
Jacobson, Mark Z., Cristina L. Archer, and Willett Kempton, 2014, Taming hurricanes with arrays of offshore wind turbines, Nature Climate Change, Mach 2014, doi:10.1038/nclimate2120.
Prasad AK, “Analytical solution for the optimal spacing of wind turbines,” ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, 136:011107 (5 pages), 2014. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.
Archer, C. L., S. Mirzaeisefat, and S. Lee (2013), Quantifying the sensitivity of wind farm performance to array layout options using large-eddy simulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 4963–4970, doi:10.1002/grl.50911.
Social impacts and perceptions
Bingaman, S., Bidwell, D., and Firestone, J., 2022. Winds of Change: Examining Attitude Shifts Regarding an Offshore Wind Project, Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, https://doi.org/10.1080/1523908X.2022.2078290
Russel A. and Firestone J., 2022. More Than a Feeling: Analyzing Community Cognitive and Affective Perceptions of Ocean Renewable Energy Infrastructure. Renewable Energy, 193: 214-224, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2022.05.032
Bidwell, D., Firestone, J. and Ferguson, 2022. Love thy neighbor (or not): Regionalism and support for the use of offshore wind energy. Energy Research and Social Science, 90, 102599, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2022.102599
Ferguson, M., Evensen, D., Bidwell, D., Firestone, J., Ferguson, L, Dooley, J., and Mitchell, C. 2021. Uncharted Waters: Exploring Coastal Recreation Impacts, Coping Behaviors, and Attitudes towards Offshore Wind Energy Development in the United States, Energy Research & Social Science, 75, 102029, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2021.102029
Russell, A., and Firestone, J. 2021. What’s love got to do with it? Understanding Local Cognitive and Affective Responses to Wind Power Projects, Energy Research & Social Science, 71, 101833, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2020.101833 (open access)
Russell, A., Firestone, J., Bidwell, D., & Gardner, M. 2020. Place meaning and consistency with offshore wind: An island and coastal tale. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 132, 110044, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2020.110044 (open access)
Parsons, G., Firestone, J., Yan, L., & Touissant, J. 2020. The effect of offshore wind power projects on recreational beach use on the east coast of the United States: Evidence from contingent behavior data, Energy Policy, 144, 111659 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111659
Firestone, J., Hirt, C., Bidwell, D., Gardner, M., & Dwyer, J. 2020. Faring well in offshore wind power siting: Trust, engagement, and process fairness in the United States, Energy Research & Social Sciences, 62, 101393 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2019.101393
Firestone, J., 2019. Wind Energy: A human challenge, Science 366(6470) 1206, 10.1126/science.aaz8932, December 6, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaz8932 (Letters)
Hoen, B., Firestone, J., Rand, J., Elliot, D., Hübner, G., Pohl, J., Wiser, R., Lantz, E., Haac R., & Kaliski, K. 2019. Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey, Energy Policy, 134, 110981, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981 (open access)
Hübner, G., Pohl, J., Hoen, B., Firestone, J., Rand, J., Elliot, & D., Haac, R. 2019. Monitoring annoyance and stress effects of wind turbines on nearby residents: a comparison of U.S. and European samples, Environment International 132, 105090, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.105090 (open access)
Haac, R., Kaliski, K., Landis, M, Hoen, B., Rand, J., Firestone, J., Elliot, D., Hübner, G., &; Pohl, J. 2019. Wind turbine audibility and noise annoyance in a national U.S. survey: individual perception and influencing factors, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 146, 1124, https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5121309 (open access)
Firestone, J. and Kirk, H. 2019. A strong relative preference for wind turbines in the United States among those that live near them, Nature Energy, 4, 311-320, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-019-0347-9
Firestone, J. Bates, A., and Prefer, A. 2018. Power transmission—Where the offshore wind energy comes home, (In press, Environmental Innovations and Societal Transitions)
Firestone, J., Bidwell, D., Gardner, M., Knapp, L. 2018. Wind in the Sails or Choppy Seas?: People-Place Relations, Aesthetics and Public Support for the United States’ First Offshore Wind Project, Energy Research and Social Science, 40: 232-243, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214629618301956
Thomson, H. and Kempton, W., 2017. Perceptions and attitudes of residents living near a wind turbine compared with those living near a coal power plant, Renewable Energy, Volume 123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.10.036 (open access). Download PDF.
Firestone, J., Hoen, B., Rand, J., Elliot, D., Hubner, G., & Pohl, J. 2017. Reconsidering Barriers to Wind Power Projects: Community Engagement, Developer Transparency and Place Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 20(3): 370-386, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1523908X.2017.1418656, pre-print available at https://emp.lbl.gov/publications/reconsidering-barriers-wind-power
Bates, A. and Firestone, J. A Comparative Assessment of Offshore Wind Power Demonstration Projects in the United States, Energy Research and Social Science, 10: 192-205 (2015), doi: 10.1016/j.erss.2015.07.007, [pre-print]
Firestone, J., Bates, A., and Knapp, K.A., See me, feel me, touch me, heal me: Wind turbines, culture, landscapes and sound impressions, Land Use Policy, 46:241-249 (2015), Published doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.02.015. Open Access. The license can be found at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0. Duplicate of the article is available here.
Knapp, L. and Ladenburg, J How Spatial Relationships Influence Economic Preferences for Wind Power—A Review. Energies 2015, 8(6), 6177-6201. Open Access www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/8/6/6177
Kasperson, R. and Ram, B. (2013). “The Public Acceptance of New Energy Technologies.” Winter 2013. Daedalus. American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Washington, D.C. doi: 10.1162/DAED_a_00187 [pre-print]
Kasperson, R. and Ram, B. (2013). ”Transformation of Energy Systems and the Public.” Energy Delta Institute Quarterly (Volume 5, Issue 1). March 2013. Groningen, Netherlands. www.energydelta.org/uploads/bestanden/12507163-aa61-4f7b-bd23-a7ac91b47edd [pre-print]
Kasperson, R. and Ram, B. (2013). “Rapid Transformation of the US Electric Power System: Prospects and Impediments.”. Chapter in, Toward Successful Adaptation: Linking Science and Practice in Managing Climate Change Impacts (ed. Susanne Moser and Max Boykoff). 2013. Routledge. www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415525008/
Lilley, Jonathan and Jeremy Firestone, The effect of the gulf oil spill on public attitudes toward offshore oil drilling and wind development, Energy Policy, 62: 90-98 (2013). PDF
Firestone, Jeremy, Willett Kempton, Meredith Blaydes Lilley, and Kateryna Samoteskul, Public acceptance of offshore wind power across regions and through time, 2012, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 55:10, 1369-1386. Published doi:10.1080/09640568.2012.682782. Downloaded PDF.
Firestone, Jeremy, Willett Kempton, Meredith Blaydes Lilley & Kateryna Samoteskul (2012): Public acceptance of offshore wind power: does perceived fairness of process matter?, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 55:10, 1387-1402, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2012.688658.
Firestone, J., Perceptions and Preferences Regarding Offshore Wind Power in the United States-The Leading Edge chapter in Patrick Devine-Wright, Ed. Publlic Engagement and Renewable Energy, Earthscan, 2011.
Lilley, Meredith Blaydes, Jeremy Firestone and Willett Kempton, 2010, The effect of wind power installations on coastal tourism, Energies 3(1), 1-22; (special issue on Wind Energy). Published doi:10.3390/en3010001, open access. (Duplicate PDF here).
Firestone, J., W. Kempton and A.Krueger, 2008, Public acceptance of offshore wind power projects in the United States, Wind Energy 12(2): 183 – 202. Published doi: 10.1002/we.316, may require payment. Proof PDF.
Firestone, J. and W. Kempton, 2007, Public Opinion about Large Offshore Wind Power: Underlying Factors, Energy Policy 35: 1584-1598. Published doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2006.04.010, may require payment. PDF.
Kempton, W., J. Firestone, J. Lilley, T. Rouleau and P. Whitaker, 2005, The Offshore Wind Power Debate: Views from Cape Cod, Coastal Management 33 (2): 119-149. Published doi:10.1080/08920750590917530, may require payment. PDF.
Environmental impacts and benefits
Al Fahel, N., Archer, C.L. Observed onshore precipitation changes after the installation of offshore wind farms. Bull. of Atmos. Sci.& Technol. 1, 179–203 (2020). https://doi-org.udel.idm.oclc.org/10.1007/s42865-020-00012-7
Santos-Alamillos, F., C. L. Archer, L. Noel, C. Budischak, and W. Facciolo, 2017: Assessing the economic feasibility of the gradual decarbonization of a large electric power system. Journal of Cleaner Production, 147, 130-141, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.01.097. [pdf]
Buonocore, J., Patrick Luckow, Jeremy Fisher, Willett Kempton and Jonathan I Levy, 2016, Health and climate benefits of offshore wind facilities in the Mid-Atlantic United States, Environmental Research Letters, Volume 11, Number 7. Published doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074019. [pdf]
Tuler, S. , Ram, B. and Kasperson, R. (2014) “Wind Energy Facility Siting: Learning from Experience and Guides for Moving Forward.” Wind Engineering. Volume 38, NO. 2, 2014. doi: 10.1260/0309-524X.38.2.203
Lilley, M.B., and J. Firestone, 2008, Wind power, wildlife, and the migratory bird treaty act: A way forward, Environmental Law, 38(4). Published, may require payment. Prepublication manuscript.
Firestone, J. and C. Jarvis, 2007, Response and responsibility: Regulating noise pollution in the marine environment, Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy, 10(2): 109-52. Published doi:10.1080/13880290701347408, may require payment. PDF.
Wind integration and power transmission
Elpiniki Apostolaki-Iosifidou, Regina McCormack, Willett Kempton, Paul McCoy, and Deniz Ozkan, 2019, Transmission Design and Analysis for Large-Scale Offshore Wind Energy Development. IEEE Power and Energy Technology Systems Journal, V 6 No 1, March 2019. DOI:10.1109/JPETS.2019.
Lance Noel, L, Brodie, JF, Kempton, W, Archer, CL, Budischak, C 2017. Cost minimization of generation, storage, and new loads, comparing costs with and without externalities, Applied Energy, 189: 110-121. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.060
Santos-Alamillos, F., C. L. Archer, L. Noel, C. Budischak, and W. Facciolo, 2017: Assessing the economic feasibility of the gradual decarbonization of a large electric power system. Journal of Cleaner Production, 147, 130-141, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.01.097. [pdf]
Simão, H. P., W. B. Powell, C. L. Archer, W. Kempton, (2017), The challenge of integrating offshore wind power in the U.S. electric grid. Part II: Simulation of electricity market operations, Renewable Energy, 103, 418-431. Published doi: 10.1016/j.
Archer C. L., H. P. Simão, W. Kempton, W. B. Powell, M. J. Dvorak, (2017), The challenge of integrating offshore wind power in the U.S. electric grid. Part I: Wind forecast error, Renewable Energy, 103, 346-360. Published doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2016.11.047, may require payment. PDF of preprint draft available here.
Noel, Lance; Joseph Brodie, Willett Kempton, Christina L. Archer, and Cory Budischak (2017), Cost minimization of generation, storage and new loads, comparing costs with and without externalities, Applied Energy, in press, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.
Pensini, Alessandro, Claus N. Rasmussen, and Willett Kempton (2014), Economic analysis of using excess renewable electricity to displace heating fuels, Applied Energy, online 23 June 2014. Published doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.04.111, open access.
Budischak, Cory, DeAnna Sewell, Heather Thomson, Leon Mach, Dana E. Veron, and Willett Kempton (2013), Cost-minimized combinations of wind power, solar power, and electrochemical storage, powering the grid up to 99.9% of the time, Journal of Power Sources, 225(2013), 60-74. Published doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.09.054, open access. A one-page follow-up corrects two errors in the published article, doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.01.046. Our PDF, contains the article together with the correction page.
Dvorak, M. J., E. D. Stoutenburg, C. L. Archer, W. Kempton, and M. Z. Jacobson (2012), Where is the ideal location for a US East Coast offshore grid?, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L06804, Published doi:10.1029/2011GL050659, open access.
Mason, J. E., and C. L. Archer, 2012: Baseload electricity from wind via Compressed Air Energy Storage. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(2), 1099–1109, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.11.009. [pdf]
Kempton, Willett, Felipe M. Pimenta, Dana E. Veron, and Brian A. Colle (2010), Electric power from offshore wind via synoptic-scale interconnection, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107 (16): 7240-7245, April 20, 2010. Published doi: 10.1073/pnas.0909075107. open access. Article’s online supporting information (methods, etc). Duplicate of both article and supporting information in one PDF here.
Lund, Henrik and W. Kempton (2008), Integration of renewable energy into the transport and electricity sectors through V2G. Energy Policy 36 (9): 3578-3587. Published doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2008.06.007, may require payment. Preprint proof. Published and proof versions have errors in Table 2, see corrected Table 2) here.
Archer, C. L. and M. Z. Jacobson, 2007: Supplying baseload power and reducing transmissions requirements by interconnecting wind farms. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 46(11), 1701–1717. doi: 10.1175/2007JAMC1538.1 [pdf]
Kempton, Willett, Cristina L. Archer, Richard W. Garvine, Amardeep Dhanju and Mark Z. Jacobson (2007), Large CO2 reductions via offshore wind power matched to inherent storage in energy end-uses. Geophysical Research Letter, 34, L02817. Published doi:10.1029/2006GL028016, may require payment. Proof PDF, with minor typos. See also summary press release.
Business models, financing, and energy costs
Burt, M., Firestone, J., Madsen, J., Veron, D, and Bowers, R. 2017. Tall Towers, Long Blades and Manifest Destiny: The Migration of Land-based Wind from the Great Plains to the Thirteen Colonies, Applied Energy, Accepted for Publication (open access)
Levitt Andrew C.; Kempton Willett; Smith Aaron P.; Walt Musial; and Jeremy Firestone, 2011, Pricing offshore wind power. Energy Policy 39 (10): 6408-6421. Published doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2011.07.044, may require payment. Uncorrected proof.
Archer, C. L., L. Delle Monache, and D. Rife, 2014: Airborne Wind Energy: Optimal locations and variability, Renewable Energy, 64, 180–186, doi:10.1016/j.renene.2013.10.044.
Archer, C. L., 2013: Chapter 5 – An introduction to meteorology for airborne wind energy, in Airborne wind energy – Fundamentals and applications. Springer, ISBN 978-3-642-39964-0, 81–94. Author’s PDF.
Deployment and installation
Parkison, Sara B. and W. Kempton, 2022 “Marshaling Ports Required to Meet US Policy Targets for Offshore Wind Power” Energy Policy Vol 163, April 2022, 112817. DOI:10.1016/j.enpol.2022.112817 (open access), or pre-final PDF.
R. E. Kasperson, Ram B., and Ratick S. (2017). “How can we be sure that we are working on the right risks?” Chapter in Risk Conundrums: Solving Unsolvable Problems. (Kasperson et al). Earthscan Routledge.
Kasperson, R. and B. Ram. (2013). “Rapid Transformation of the US Electric Power System: Prospects and Impediments.”. Chapter in, Toward Successful Adaptation: Linking Science and Practice in Managing Climate Change Impacts (ed. Susanne Moser and Max Boykoff). 2013. Routledge. www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415525008/ [pre-print].
Ram, B. and Stephens J, (2017) Risk conundrums of the renewable energy transition: can we balance opportunities, optimism, and challenges? Chapter in Risk Conundrums: Solving Unsolvable Problems. (Kasperson et al). Earthscan Routledge. [pdf]
Ram, B. “Assessing Integrated Risks of Offshore Wind Projects: Moving Towards Gigawatt-scale Deployments.” (2011). Wind Engineering. 35 (2) 247-265
Kasperson, R.and B. Ram. (2013). “Rapid Transformation of the US Electric Power System: Prospects and Impediments.”. Chapter in, Toward Successful Adaptation: Linking Science and Practice in Managing Climate Change Impacts (ed. Susanne Moser and Max Boykoff). 2013. Routledge.
Analytical papers, theses, and dissertations
Toussaint J (2016). The effect of wind power on beach use and tourism: a contingent behavior analysis on the east coast of the United States. PhD Dissertation, Economics, University of Delaware.
Robinson L. (2015) Analysis of an in-person survey concerning the effect of offshore wind power on beach use and tourism. Honors Thesis, Economics Department, University of Delaware.
Kateryna Samoteskul, 2013. Analyzing Costs and Benefits of Rerouting Vessel Traffic to Open Areas for Offshore Wind Development in the Mid-Atlantic United States, Thesis, Master of Science in Marine Studies, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA
Dawn Kurtz Crompton, 2014, Cooperative Renewable Energy Policies to Avoid Trade Related Disputes and Litigation. Analytical Paper, Master of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.
Blaise Sheridan, 2013, Social Cost of Electricity Generation: A Quantification and Comparison Between Energy Sources Within PJM Interconnection. Thesis, Master of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.
Bruce M. Williams, 2013, New Applications of Remote Sensing Technology for Offshore Wind Power. Thesis, Master of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.
Scott D. Baker, 2011, The Atlantic Offshore Wind Power Potential in PJM: A Regional Offshore Wind Power Resource Assessment. (Reference as: Scott D. Baker, 2011, The Atlantic Offshore Wind Power Potential in PJM: A Regional Offshore Wind Power Resource Assessment. Thesis, Master of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.)
Jacqueline D Piero, 2010, Underlying Motivations for Delaware Public Participation in Support of Offshore Wind: Implications for State Energy Policy. Analysis of all 3,327 public comments on the two-year Delaware Public Service Commission Docket that resulted in the Nation’s first Power Purcahse Agreement (PPA) for offshore wind. (Reference as: Jacqueline D. Piero, 2010, Underlying Motivations for Delaware Public Participation in Support of Offshore Wind: Implications for State Energy Policy. Thesis, Master of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.)
Amardeep Dhanju, Four Essays on Offshore Wind Power Potential, Development, Regulatory Framework, and Integration (Abstract of dissertation) Full dissertation, (Reference as: Amardeep Dhanju, 2010, Four Essays on Offshore Wind Power Potential, Development, Regulatory Framework, and Integration. Dissertation, Doctor of Philosophy in Marine Studies,University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.
Jonathan Charles Lilley, 2010, Navigating a Sea of Values: Understanding Public Attitudes Toward the Ocean and Ocean Energy Resources. Dissertation, Doctor of Philosophy in Marine Studies,University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.)
Meredith Blaydes Lilley, 2008, The Effects of Offshore Wind Power on Beach Tourism (Poster of dissertation in progress, presented at AWEA.) Full dissertation, 2010, Wind Power:Addressing Wildlife Impacts, Assessing Effects on Tourism, and Examining the Link Between Climate Change Perceptions and Support. Dissertation, Doctor of Philosophy in Marine Studies,University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.)
Andrew D. Krueger 2007, Valuing Public Preferences for Offshore Wind Power (Dissertation). Or, one-page abstract. Also see press release drawing from Krueger’s dissertation data.
Christina M. Jarvis, 2005, An Evaluation of The Wildlife Impacts of Offshore Wind Development Relative to Fossil Fuel Power Production. Scoping, development of metrics to compare wildlife impacts, Chapter 5 has comparative analysis of fossil fuel versus offshore wind impacts. (Reference as: Christina M. Jarvis, 2005, An Evaluation Of The Wildlife Impacts Of Offshore Wind Development Relative To Fossil Fuel Power Production. Thesis, Master of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.
Willett Kempton submitted a comment to the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management on July 27, 2020, commenting on Supplement to the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Vineyard Wind LLC’s Proposed Wind Energy Facility Offshore Massachusetts and Public Meetings (posted by BOEM on Jun 12, 2020).
W. Kempton and Jonathan J. Buonocore, 2016, Comment on: Commercial Wind Lease Issuance and Site Assessment Activities on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf Offshore New York Environmental Assessment; OCS EIS/EA BOEM 2016-042, 13 July 2016 . Available at https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=BOEM-2016-0038-0025 As regulations.gov document BOEM-2016-0038-0025. Also here as PDF.
Jeremy Firestone submitted a comment in January 2014 to the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) regarding DNREC’s proposed rule to implement Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards Cost Cap Provisions, 17 DE Reg. 600 (12/01/13). This comment followed written comments filed in 2012 as part of Professor Firestone’s participation in a workshop on the development of the proposed rules.
Jeremy Firestone; James Corbett and Kateryna Samoteskul submitted a comment to the United States Coast Guard on its proposed Atlantic Ocean “Port Access Route Study,” Federal Register Vol. 76, No. 91 (May 11, 2011). Our comment recommend the Cost Guard analyze whether having ships transit farther offshore and building wind projects in the vacated space offshore would result in net societal benefits. We subsequently did the analysis for the mid-Atlantic. Published doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.03.026.
Jeremy Firestone, Willett Kempton, Alison Bates, Dawn Kurtz Crompton, and Bruce Williams submitted a comment to the United States Army Corps of Engineers’ (USACE) Proposal to Reissue and Modify Nationwide Permits, 76 Federal Register 9174-9207 (February 16, 2011). Our comment concerned the proposed Nationwide Permit B for water-based renewable energy generation pilot projects (NWP B).
Jeremy Firestone, Heather Thompson and Dawn Kurtz Crompton submitted a comment to Senators Bingaman and Murkowski on policy design of a Clean Energy Standard (March 21, 2011). Senator Bingaman was the Chair, and Senator Murkowski, the Ranking Minority Member of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee.
Jeremy Firestone submitted a comment in 2010 to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) concerning the State of Delaware’s request to broaden its authority to consider offshore alternative energy, including offshore wind power, and the scope of its jurisdiction under interstate consistency certification.
Willett Kempton, Jeremy Firestone, Richard Garvine, Comment submitted to Minerals Management Service (24 Feb 2006) Re: 30 CFR Part 285, RIN 1010-AD30, Alternate Energy-Related Uses on the Outer Continental Shelf. Responding to: Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR). Note: This is a good short summary of resource and U.S. policy issues regarding alternative energy on the OCS, with concentration on offshore wind.
Kempton and Firestone, Comments on Blue Ribbon Panel Interim Report on Offshore Wind Power (13 Feb 2006). In the words of another commentator, an amazingly tight, analytical, yet scathing review of the Interim Report. The Final Report was massively revised, and ultimately resulted in preliminary environmental studies and an RFP for a 350 MW facility. Compare Interim Report and Final Report, or see NJ state web site at Blue Ribbon Panel on Development of Wind Turbine Facilities in Coastal Waters.
Also see extensive public testimony on the Delaware Offshore Wind Project
Emma House, Zach Roy, Sarra Sundstrom, Emily Tulsky, Sara Parkison and Willett Kempton, 2020. “Feasibility Assessment for an Offshore Wind Marshalling Port in the Delaware Bay.” Report to UD Spin-In Program. Funded by: Office of Economic Innovation and Partnerships (OEIP) Spin-In Team, University of Delaware.
Kempton, Willett, 2019. Requirements For Advanced Offshore Wind Marshaling Ports.
Parsons, G. and Firestone, J., 2018. Atlantic Offshore Wind Energy Development: Values and Implications for Recreation and Tourism, OCS Study, BOEM 2018-013.
Firestone, J., M. Burt, J. Madsen, D. Veron and R. Bowers, 2016. Tall Towers, Long Blades and Manifest Destiny: The Migration of Land-based Wind from the Great Plains to the First State [Reduced Size PDF]
Ram, B. Commentary on “Risk Analysis for U.S. Offshore Wind Farms: The Need for an Integrated Approach” Accepted as Letter to the Editor. April 2016. Volume 36, Issue 4, April 2016, Pages: 641-644, Bonnie Ram Version of Record online: 19 APR 2016, DOI: 1111/risa/12610 [pdf]
Cronin, T., Ram, B., Gannon, J., Clausen, N-E, Thuesen, C.,Maslesa, E.,Kreye, M., Geraldi, J. (2015). ‘Public acceptance of wind farm development: Developer practices and review of scientific literature.” DTU Wind Energy E-51, (ISBN: 978-87-92896-91-9), pages: 53.
Ram, B. “Final White Paper on Wind Energy and Society” (2015). EERA Joint Programme on Wind Energy. EERA Sub-Programme on Economic and Social Aspects of Wind Integration. DTU Wind. Rosklide, Denmark.
Bates, Alison and Jeremy Firestone, 2014, Local Community Public Acceptance of an In-View Offshore Wind Power Demonstration Project
Bates, Alison, Kateryna Samoteskul, John Callahan, and Jeremy Firestone, 2012, Delaware Marine Spatial Planning: Offshore Wind Content
Firestone, J., Final Summary Report for DOE-funded project, Empowering Coastal States and Utilities through Model Offshore Wind Legislation and Outreach
Firestone, J., and Crompton, DK, Model Request for Proposals to Provide Energy and other Attributes from an Offshore Wind Power Project
Firestone, J., and Crompton, DK, 2011, Model State Offshore Wind Access Legislation
Ram, B. “Assessing Integrated Risks of Offshore Wind Projects: Moving Towards Gigawatt-scale Deployments.” (2011). Wind Engineering.Volume 35. Number 2. Multi-Science Publishing. (Pages 247-265).
“Creating an Offshore Wind Industry in the United States: A Strategic Work Plan for the U.S. Department of Energy, Fiscal Years 2011- 2015.” (Ram was draft chapter author with DOE Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program Staff). Public Document. August 2010.
Lilley, J, Sheridan B, Crompton, DK, and Firestone, J., 2010, Feed-in Tariffs and Offshore Wind Development
Lilley, Meredith Blaydes and Willett Kempton, 2010, Wind Power and Delaware’s Waters, Estuary News, 20(5), p9-10, Summer 2010.
Musial W. and B. Ram. 2010. “Large-Scale Offshore Wind Power in for the United States: Assessment of Opportunities and Barriers,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado, NREL/TP-500-40745
Ram, B. “An Integrated Risk Framework for Gigawatt Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy: The Wind Energy Case Study,” April 2010. NREL Subcontractor Report (2009). NREL/SR-500-47129.
Ram, B. (2009). White-Nose Syndrome Proceedings. Science Strategy Meeting I. (June 10, 2008. Albany, NY) and White-Nose Syndrome. Meeting II. (May 27-28, 2009. Austin, TX) with Bat Conservation International and Boston University. Energetics Publication.
20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply. May 2008, (Ram served as lead contractor, report editor, and co-manager. Bonnie Ram with Ed DeMeo from Renewable Energy Consulting Services) U.S Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.
Bats and Wind Power Generation Technical Workshop Proceedings, Bonnie Ram with Ndeye Fall, Juno Beach, FL, for the NREL and DOE Office of Wind, February 2004.
Ram, B., Anker H. T., Clausen N-E, and. Nielsen T., “Public Engagement in Danish Near Shore Wind Projects: In Law and Practice.” EPSCOPR RII and Wind 2050 Task 3, Copenhagen University, and University of Delaware (EPSCoR RII).